The latest Global Hunger Index (GHI) has ranked India a lowly 102 among the 117 countries it has mapped.
- Background: The GHI has been brought out almost every year by Welthungerhilfe (lately in partnerships with Concern Worldwide) since 2000; this year’s report is the 14th one.
- Indicators: For each country in the list, the GHI looks at four indicators –
- Undernourishment (which reflects inadequate food availability);
- Child Wasting (which reflects acute undernutrition);
- Child Stunting (which reflects chronic undernutrition);
- Child Mortality (which reflects both inadequate nutrition and unhealthy environment).
- Weightage: Each country’s data are standardised on a 100-point scale and a final score is calculated after giving 33.33% weight each to components 1 and 4, and giving 16.66% weight each to components 2 and 3.
- Categories: Countries scoring less than or equal to 9.9 are slotted in the “low” category of hunger, while those scoring between 20 and 34.9 are in the “serious” category and those scoring above 50 are in the “extremely alarming” category.
Findings for 2019:
- On the whole, the number of hungry people has risen from 785 million in 2015 to 822 million. Multiple countries have higher hunger levels now than in 2010.
- In 2019, India is ranked 102 among the 117 countries it has mapped. In 2018, India was pegged at 103 but last year 119 countries were mapped.
- With an overall score of 30.3, India falls in the “serious” category.
- India has the highest percentage of children who suffer from acute undernutrition. On other parameters, where India has improved, the pace has been relatively slow.
- Among the BRICS grouping, India is ranked the worst, with China at 25 and a score of just 6.5.
- Within South Asia, too, India is behind every other country. Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bangladesh and Pakistan (in that order) are all ahead of India.
Source: Indian Express